District Local Plan Review

District-Wide Policies Index

Settlement Policies Index

Appendix G

Glossary of Terms

Term Meaning in the context of this Plan
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Affordable Housing Housing built for sale or rent at a price level below the market rate and which is related to the ability to pay by those in housing need, and is retained in perpetuity for those meeting the need criteria.
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Agricultural Dwelling A dwelling which is subject to a legal agreement which specifies that its occupancy is limited to a person or persons employed or last employed solely or mainly and locally in agriculture, and his/her dependants.
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Allocation The term used in the Plan for identification of a particular site for a particular land use(s) where it is envisaged development will commence during the Plan period. Examples include the areas shown for new development at Newent and Coleford.
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Allotments Statutory Allotments as defined in law and protected accordingly.
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Amenity Pleasantness in situation, in terms of both visual and physical surroundings.
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Amenity Space An area which is primarily of visual importance but may also be used for recreation, either informally or formally.
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Ancient Woodland Areas of Ancient Woodland are those areas which have had a continuous cover of trees since at least 1600AD.
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Appeal Appeal to the Secretary of State under the Planning Act, usually against the decision of the Local Planning Authority to refuse to grant planning permission for a particular development or to impose conditions upon the grant of planning permission.
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Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Area of high landscape value of national significance where the conservation and enhancement of its natural beauty is a priority. Defined under Section 87 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.
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Article 4 Direction Statutory Order which rescinds some or all permitted development rights, can be used for example to require planning applications to be made for minor works in Conservation Areas in order to give the Planning Authority greater control.
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Assisted Area Areas where Regional Selective Assistance may be awarded by the Government under European Commission rules. There are three tiers for which assistance is available. The Forest of Dean falls within the 3rd tier where limited grants are awarded within the Forest of Dean Rural Development Area.
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Biodiversity The variety of all life on earth
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Brownfield Land which has previously been developed. (see more detailed definition in annex C of PPG3.)
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Built Environment The man-made fabric of an area.
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Burgage Plot A long relatively narrow plot on to the street forming a characteristic feature of mediaeval town plans. These often appear in groups along the street.
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Business Development Development within Class B1 of the 1987 Use Classes Order, encompassing both "light industry" and office development of the type to which the public do not have or need frequent access.
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Catchment Area The area which forms the supply of, for example, shoppers to a town centre or water to a river.
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Coalfield Regeneration Area A former coalfields area which is eligible for funding from English Partnerships Coalfields Programme and the Coalfields Regeneration Trust to support economic and community based regeneration initiatives.
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Commercial Development Any development in the commercial sector (shops, offices, warehousing, but not manufacturing premises).
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Commitments Schemes for development which have received planning permission or are the subject of a Committee resolution to undertake or permit a particular development.
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Commuted Payment Payment made in lieu of the provision of facilities on the site of a particular development to enable them to be provided elsewhere. e.g. a contribution to the provision of open space.
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Conservation Areas An Area of Special Architectural or Historic Interest, the character of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance. Designated under the 1990 Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act.
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Conservation Area Partnerships A joint scheme of grant aiding work on buildings within Conservation Areas involving the co-operation of the District Council, English Heritage and others- specific areas need to be designated.
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Convenience Goods Food and other day to day easily portable purchases available in town centres, and often also in smaller shopping areas.
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Countryside (Or Open Countryside) In the District Plan this term applies to the area lying outside defined settlement boundaries.
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Countryside Agency The Countryside Agency is the statutory body working for people and places in rural England.

The Agency seeks to conserve and enhance the countryside; promote social equity and economic opportunity for the people who live there; and help everyone, where ever they live, to enjoy this natural asset .

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Defined Settlement Boundary The boundaries drawn around the villages and towns covered by various Plan policies including especially (R)FH.4 and(R)FH.5. Locations outside a defined settlement boundary are considered to forms part of the open countryside.
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Deposit The Deposit period of the Plan is the period of formal consultation during which representations must be made if they are to be considered at a Public Local Inquiry.
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DETR A Government department which amalgamated the former Departments of Environment and Transport, with further responsibilities for the Regions.
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Development Brief Document setting out the criteria for the development of a particular site, usually including details of how it should be laid out, landscaping, materials etc.
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Economically Active Persons in whole or part-time employment, or seeking employment.
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Employment Land Land allocated or used primarily for the purpose of employment, usually industry, warehousing or business use.
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English Heritage A government funded organisation which promotes conservation and understanding of the historic environment, it advises the Government and other bodies and individuals, and can provide grants in various forms e.g. Conservation Area Partnerships
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English Nature A Government body responsible for the designation of Sites of Special Scientific Interest and advice on all matters affecting nature conservation.
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Enhancement Improving the existing qualities of an area, building or structure usually by way of environmental improvements or work to a building - for example the re-roofing of an historic building in more suitable materials etc.
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Environment Agency The Environment Agency is a government agency and is an environmental regulator of water, land and air. It also has flood defence, water resources and Fisheries functions and has duties to promote conservation and recreation.
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Forest Authority Formerly part of the Forestry Commission, now responsible for the administration of grant schemes for private woodlands and other matters involving the management of timber on private, rather than Crown Land.
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Forest Enterprise The part of what was formerly the Forestry Commission responsible for the management of woodland owned by the Crown for timber production, recreation and amenity purposes.
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Forest of Dean The predominantly woodland area within the Forest of Dean and Wye Valley Forest Park lying inside Gloucestershire.
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Forest Ring Settlements in the Forest of Dean Coalfield located predominantly on the line of the coal outcrop, forming a ring generally on high ground around the forest fringe.
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Forest Waste Land within the statutory forest but not part of any operational (planted) area.
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Gloucestershire Structure Plan A statutory plan containing strategic policies for Gloucestershire concerning the overall distribution and amount of change in new housing, employment, shopping etc. Contains other policies on transport, landscape, minerals etc. The District Local Plan is a detailed interpretation of the Structure Plan as it affects the Forest of Dean District.
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Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust Countywide Trust which furthers all types of nature conservation within Gloucestershire - designates sites of county interest and advises/manages some.
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Greenfield Land which has not previously been developed.
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Gross Retail Floorspace Floor area of a shop or shops including ancillary space, storage, plant, staff rooms etc.
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Guest House A private home whose main function is the provision of serviced sleeping accommodation and meals on a short term basis. Guest houses are small in scale (compared to hotels) and normally not used by non residents.
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Highway Road and/or footway( usually adopted by the County Council of the purposes of maintenance).
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Housing Association Organisations which manage or let houses in a similar way to a Local Authority, usually for residents not able to compete in the private market, and who may provide dwellings in an specific area or of a certain type (e.g. for elderly persons, or those nominated as local under an affordable housing scheme). See RSL.
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Housing Need Person or persons in housing need are those who need housing but do not have the means to obtain suitable accommodation in the open market.
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Infilling The development of a small gap in an otherwise developed frontage usually by not more than two dwellings such that they enjoy a satisfactory frontage onto a highway.
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Infrastructure Roads, sewers, power and other physical services required to enable a development to function.
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Key Wildlife Sites Non-statutory wildlife sites of local, county or regional importance, identified by the Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust. These sites are also often referred to as Sites of Nature Conservation Importance (or by a similar name).
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Listed Buildings Buildings or structures identified by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport, as of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. They are protected accordingly as is their setting and/or curtilage. Special consents are required for building work, including that which may not otherwise require planning permission.
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Local Agenda 21 Programme A process involving the community in preparing action plans and schemes to promote sustainability as part of a local agenda for the 21st century, endorsed at the 1992 UN Conference on the Environment and Development, held in Rio de Janeiro (the Earth summit)
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Local Nature Reserve Local Nature Reserves are sites designated by Local Authorities under Section 21 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 as community nature conservation sites. Within the ownership or management of a Local Authority.
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Local Need Local need when used in connection with housing schemes is usually defined as persons who need housing in a particular location (by way of employment, or family ties) but are unable to obtain the accommodation they require in the open housing market.
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Local Plan Statutory Plan prepared by the Local Planning Authority showing in detail the constraints and opportunities for the future use of land in the area.
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Local Transport Plan Prepared by Gloucestershire County Council the Local Transport Plan outlines Gloucestershire's transport policy, proposals for action and forms a bid for funding to Government.
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Mineral Reserves Geological reserves of workable minerals which are the subject of planning consent to allow their working.
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Mineral Resources Geological deposits where economically workable minerals may prove to be present but which are not the subject of planning consent for extraction.
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National Nature Reserves (NNR) National Nature Reserves are declared by statutory nature conservation agencies, i.e. English Nature, under Section 19 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949, or Section 35 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981.
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National Playing Fields Association An independent charity established with the aim of ensuring that everyone has access to the recreational space. The standards it advocates are widely accepted, and are intended to identify the minimum requirement in new development for play space, sports pitches etc.
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Non-Conforming Use A land use or users that is dissimilar to the prevailing uses in the area surrounding it, often an industrial undertaking in a residential area for example. Such uses can sometimes co-exist without detriment to one another but some do cause environmental problems.
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The North Forest (formally the North Forest Policy Area) An area of the District defined in the Structure Plan and shown on the Proposals Map. It generally lies to the north of the present A.40(T).
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Planning Policy Guidance Notes - PPGs Policy notes issued by the Department of the Environment Transport and the Regions, containing guidance on various aspects of planning practice and intended for both developers and Local Authorities. Subjects covered include the rural economy, land for housing and the preparation of Local Plans.
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Principal Settlements The four larger towns within the District: Newent, Cinderford, Coleford and Lydney.
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Private Open Space Area of open space to which the public do not normally have access. It may include areas owned by public bodies such as school playing fields.
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Public Local Inquiry Inquiry held by the Local Planning Authority into the representations received in connection with the Local Plan - chaired by an Inspector from the Department of the Environment Transport and the Regions.
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Public Open Space Open space to which the public normally have access for the purpose of informal or formal recreation.
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Public Right of Way Footpaths, bridleways and by-ways which give members of the public the right to travel across land.
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Ramsar Site Wetland site listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as a Waterfowl Habitat, 1971. (The Ramsar Convention).
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Regionally Important Geological Sites (RIGS) Geological or geomorphological sites, excluding SSSI's, in the county that are considered worthy of protection for their educational, research, historical or aesthetic importance. Sites are designed by the Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust and are often referred to as Key Wildlife Sites.
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Registered Social Landlord Registered Social Landlord is a new name for social landlords that are independent; most are Housing Associations but there are also Trusts, co - operatives and companies. Registered Social Landlords run as a business but they do not trade for profit. A surplus is ploughed back into the organisation to maintain existing homes and to help finance new ones.
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Revitalisation The regeneration of the economic and social life (of the District) .
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Rural Development Area Priority area designated by the South West England Regional Development Agency, as in need of assistance to support the rural economy, local services and the community.
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Scheduled Ancient Monument Features of Archaeological or Historic Interest as defined by the Department of Culture Media and Sport, and subject to special protection accordingly - includes buildings but also earthworks and other structures.
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Scheduled Monument Consent Application procedure for approval of works affecting Scheduled Monuments, and made to the Department of National Heritage.
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Section 106 Agreement Legal agreement under Section 106 of the 1990 Town and Country Planning Act between a Council and an applicant for planning permission to ensure that certain conditions are met, for example the provision of access, or a restriction on the use of the site, to control the sale of goods, the hours of operation etc.
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Service Sector In terms of employment, the service sector is that which encompasses the transport, distribution, office and commercial areas of the economy. It is the largest sector employing over half of the nation's workforce.
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Sites & Monuments Records A record held by the County Council of locations which are of archaeological interest by way of surface features, remains, finds and other evidence.
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Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) Sites of Special Scientific Interest (notified under Section 28 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981, for its biological, geological or physiographical interest). Sites are officially notified by English Nature.
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Sustainable Development - Social progress which meets the needs of everyone,

- effective protection of the environment,

- prudent use of natural resources,

- Maintaining high and safe levels of economic growth and employment

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Social Housing The provision of affordable housing to assist local people who otherwise find difficulty in competing in the housing market.
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South Forest (formerly the South Forest Policy Area) An area of the District defined in the Structure Plan and shown on the Proposals Map. It generally lies to the south of the present A.40(T).
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South West England Regional Development Agency Regional Development Agencies are the lead bodies at regional level for co-ordinating inward investment, raising people's skills, improving the competitiveness of business, promoting sustainable and economic development, and social and physical regeneration.
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Special Area of Conservation (SAC) Special Areas of Conservation designated under EU Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora to conserve natural habitats and fauna and flora, "The Habitats Directive"
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Special Landscape Area The area of high quality landscape shown on the Proposals Map and lying generally between the Wye Valley AONB and the generally lower lying predominantly agricultural northern and eastern parts of the District.
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Special Protection Areas (SPA) Sites designated under the EU Directive 79/409/EEC on the Conservation of Wild Birds to protect bird species and the habitat upon which they depend, >The Birds Directive=.
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Statutory Forest The areas of land owned and managed by the Forestry Authority falling within the Forest of Dean and Wye Valley Forest Park, includes operational areas and Forest Waste.
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Statutory Plan In this context, a plan which the Local Planning Authority is required by law to produce. The District Plan is a Statutory Plan and on approval becomes a legal document.
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Supplementary Guidance Supporting information and advice which amount to good practice guides on the implementation of various aspects of the Plan, for example the Council's Residential Design Guide Guidance sets out the principles for design of alterations, extensions and new dwellings.
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Travel To Work Area In this case the area within which employment and unemployment statistics are collected. Cinderford and Ross Travel To Work Area includes all the South Forest
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Tree Preservation Order An Order made to protect a tree, group of trees or a woodland by requiring specific consent to be obtained to fell, top or lop any tree. It is administered by the Local Planning Authority, unlike a Felling Licence which is the responsibility of the Forestry Authority.
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Use Classes Order Statutory Instrument, containing a general classification of land uses for the purpose of planning and development.
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Vernacular Traditional building style which is strongly related to the locality, especially through the use of local materials.
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Village Appraisal A survey or review of a community carried out by that community, usually based on a questionnaire circulated within the community. Some are produced with the assistance of the Rural Community Council or other voluntary bodies.
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Warehousing Use within Class B8 of the Use Classes Order, of a building for the storage of goods. Uses such as retail and processes such as breaking up and re-packing of goods must be ancillary to the main use.
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Windfall Site A housing site which comes forward and receives planning consent in a location which was not anticipated or allocated for that purpose, for example site used for industrial purposes which is vacated and receives consent for housing.
.District Local Plan Review

District-Wide Policies Index

Settlement Policies Index


Forest of Dean District Local Plan Review, 1st Deposit Draft. July 2000


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